Unit 2- Supply & Demand
Why is this unit important?
- In a capitalistic society, prices are not determined by a central authority but rather are the result of buyers and sellers interacting in markets.
- A market, in an economic sense, is just a collection of buyers and sellers of a particular good or service. Unlike a physical market, however, buyers and sellers don’t have to all be in the same place, they just have to be looking to conduct the same economic transaction.
- So how are market prices and production quantities determined? That’s where the supply and demand model comes in.
- Buyers’ preferences comprise the demand side of the market, and sellers’ preferences comprise the supply side of the market. Prices and quantities are then determined by the point where supply and demand come together.
- It’s important to keep in mind that prices and quantities are the outputs of the supply and demand model, not the inputs. It’s also important to keep in mind that the supply and demand model only applies to competitive markets, i.e. markets where there are many buyers and sellers all looking to buy and sell similar products. (Economics.About.com)
unit 2- tkos (To know objectives)